New York Beef Producer's Association
Shorthorn breed of cattle originated on the northeastern coast
of England in the counties of Northumberland, Durham, York, and
England is said to have been the home of cattle for centuries.
early as 1580 there existed a race of superior short-horned cattle
on the Yorkshire estates of the Earls and Dukes of Northumberland.
The early breeders of Shorthorn or Teeswater cattle left a heritage with which later breeders could work. The cattle that they developed were usually of considerable size and scale, with wide back and deep, wide forequarters. Their hair and hide were soft and mellow.
The Colling brothers, Charles and Robert, are often referred to as the founders of the Shorthorn breed of cattle. Other men had previously contributed to the native cattle of the area, but it remained for these two enterprising breeders to develop the first systematic breeding program.
is no question but that the herds of the Colling Brothers left
their mark on the Shorthorn breed because nearly all Shorthorns
in the United States or in Great Britain today trace to their
herds in one or more lines.
their herds, the bulls Foljambe (263), Favorite (252), and Comet
(155) were bred and used, and they also used the great bull Hubback.
color ranges from red to roan to white, roan (a mixture of red
and white) and red are the predominant colors. They are a medium
size breed with a truly rectangular shape with a short, broad
head and wide set eyes.
you guessed it, they have short horns. Shorthorns are known for
their early maturity, adaptability, mothering ability, reproductive
performance, hardiness, good disposition, feed conversion, and
longevity. In the feedlot, these cattle attain 1,000 to 1,200
pound weights at an early age and have no trouble producing carcasses
that grade Choice.